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Welcome to the world of fountain pens. If you are new to fountain pens and how they work, it can be confusing and even frustrating. Fear not! Once you get started, you will truly enjoy your new writing instrument.
In this article, I am going to break down how to fill it with ink and how to write with a fountain pen. I'm also going to throw in some sweet tips for getting the most out of your fountain pen.
First, however, you need to at least be a little bit familiar with the parts of a fountain pen before going in and changing out the ink.
The fountain pen nib is the metal point where the tip of the pen comes in contact with the paper. The nib is usually fashioned out of stainless steel or gold alloys that allow the point to flex with the movement and pressure of writing.
Once upon a time, nibs were predominately made out of soft metals like gold that are naturally anti-corrosive, but alas, these metals are not the most durable and often crack or the tips break off. When you find a gold pen nib nowadays, they tend to be tipped with a hard metal to prevent these issues.
The little slit and hole in the nib serve integral purposes of both feeding ink to the tip and preventing structural damage to the pen while it is in use.
The "breather hole" also allows air back into the reservoir to prevent a vacuum. Air vacuums in fountain pens are bad—"pen exploding all over white clothing on an airplane" bad. See bellow for more info on this and how to prevent that sort of catastrophe.
You can find a variety of sizes for the point from extra fine to double broad. Each size serves its own purpose, but a fine or medium nib are great sized for beginners.
There is also an entire category of nibs for calligraphy, drawing, and more.
The fountain pen feed is that black plastic piece on the backside of the nib. It creates a route for the ink to flow to the tip and allows air to flow back up into the reservoir.
The ink reservoir is exactly what it sounds like: it's the place where the fountain pen ink goes.
The two most common ink filling systems are:
Most fountain pens use a universal 1/4 inch refill cartridge. But it is always good to check and make sure you have the correct ink cartridge for your particular pen. If the cartridge came with the pen, either loose in the packaging or in the barrel, you are good to use that cartridge.
The disposable ink cartridge is a plastic tube filled with ink that is inserted into the internal opening of the feed.
Ink cartridges are pretty hassle-free, but they aren't as cost-effective as converters.
An ink converter is a reservoir that allows you to draw ink up into the barrel of the pen, essentially creating your own ink cartridge.
Ink converters work either with a piston (where you twist the knob at the top to draw the ink into the reservoir) or as a rubber tube (where you squeeze the air out of the reservoir, place it in ink, and then release it to draw the ink in).
Ink converters require bottled ink to fill your fountain pen, so you'll likely have to buy that separate, but there's so many options out there for fountain pen ink.
Some fountain pens allow for both converters and cartridges interchangeably. Other than that, your fountain pen will come with the converter built into the pen itself.
Before beginning, you will need:
Here's how to load your ink converter:
It can take a moment for the ink to saturate the pen and flow through the feed. Don't worry if your fountain pen does not start writing straight away.
If the ink does not begin flowing after a couple of minutes, you can gently squeeze the cartridge to get the nib wet, or dip the nib in water to start the flow. When you use a water to start the ink, you ink flow will start quite "watery". Just scribble on paper until pure ink flows.
For the ink cartridge converter:
Since the entire nib is dipped in the ink bottle, the pen should start writing very quickly because it is already saturated in ink.
If needed, you can always remove the barrel and twist the fully loaded converter to release just a drop or two of ink from the tip. Fair warning, if you twist too much, you will drip a lot of ink so be prepared with a paper towel or water.
Now that your luxury fountain pen is filled with ink and ready to go... how the heck to you use this thing?
In a lot of ways... just like any other pen! Here are just a couple tips to make writing with a fountain pen easier, but all in all once your pen has ink flowing you should be pretty good go.
Fountain pen nibs need much less pressure to write than a ballpoint pen since they have liquid ink. Just moving the tip evenly across the paper should yield the best results.
Pressing too firmly can actually damage the pen causing the nib to bend or crack
It can be helpful to grab some higher quality paper especially for first time users. Printer or notebook paper can be thinner and harder to work with.
Problems caused by paper include the pen skipping, the ink running, and the ink feathering (when the ink bleeds into the fibers of the paper).
It is important to keep your pen cap on when you are not using it. Since the ink often has water in it, the ink in the nib can dry if left exposed to air and will not write when you go to use it next.
Fret not if your pen dries out! Just scribble for a bit or wet the nib with a little water to rehydrate the ink.
Tip #5: Clean your fountain pen regularly.
Every 1-2 months, its good to do a quick cleaning of your fountain pen so everything keeps running nice and smooth.
I like to clean my fountain pen whenever I refill the converter or pop in a fresh disposable cartridge.
For pens that have not been used in a while and are particularly dried out, try dropping the feed and nib structure into a cup of water and letting it soak for an hour or so. Rinse and repeat till your water stays clear.
Tip #6: Store your fountain pen properly.
How you store your fountain pen will largely come down to how much you use it. All in all, the best way is to store it laying flat. This allows the ink to stay wet in the nib without excess ink pooling in the cap.
Here are some questions and problems you may come across now that you are entering the fancy world of those who write with a fountain pen.
Most definitely! Though it will take a little bit of getting used to. How you hold the pen and where you position your writing hand will be much more critical for a lefty. Standard holds may cause the hand to drag through the wet ink and smear.
Brian Goulet recommends trying different writing hand positions.
Also, using quick-drying inks will also help.
Most likely no. Modern fountain pens are normally ready-to-go once they've been loaded with ink.
You sure can, but just in case...
Back in the day, the reduced air pressure on a plane in flight would cause air in the reservoir to expand, pushing the ink out of the pen for a big old frocket ink stain.
Modern fountain pens have fixed this issue, so you really shouldn't have this problem.
If you want to be on the safe side, or if you are traveling with an antique, remove the ink from your pen, and store your pen in a separate bag before you fly.
Fountain pen ink is liquid based so it will freeze. Stick with a ballpoint pen for any arctic writing endeavors.
Nope. Gravity is crucial for using a fountain pen.
You are now fully equipped to chuck that old ballpoint away, fill your new fountain pen with ink, and get to writing.
I hope this has helped you from feeling daunted by your new pen.
Before you go, please feel free to leave a comment with your thoughts, questions, or fountain pen stories!